Web Console Helpers

The commands

The JavaScript command line provided by the Web Console offers a few built-in helper functions that make certain tasks easier.

$(selector, element)

Looks up a CSS selector string selector , returning the first node descended from element that matches. If unspecified, element defaults to document. Equivalent to document.querySelector() or calls the $ function in the page, if it exists.

See the QuerySelector code snippet.

$$(selector, element)
Looks up a CSS selector string selector, returning an array of DOM nodes descended from element that match. If unspecified, element defaults to document. This is like for document.querySelectorAll(), but returns an array instead of a NodeList.
The currently-inspected element in the page.
Stores the result of the last expression executed in the console's command line. For example, if you type "2+2 <enter>", then "$_ <enter>", the console will print 4.
$x(xpath, element, resultType)
Evaluates the XPath xpath expression in the context of element and returns an array of matching nodes. If unspecified, element defaults to document. The resultType parameter specifies the type of result to return; it can be an XPathResult constant, or a corresponding string: "number", "string", "bool", "node", or "nodes"; if not provided, ANY_TYPE is used.
(Starting in Firefox 80) Followed by an unquoted string, blocks requests where the URL contains that string. In the Network Monitor, the string now appears and is selected in the Request Blocking sidebar. Unblock with :unblock.

Switches JavaScript evaluation context to a different iframe in the page. This helper accepts multiple different ways of identifying the frame to switch to. You can supply any of the following:

  • a selector string to be passed to document.querySelector to locate the iframe element
  • the iframe element itself
  • the content window inside the iframe

See working with iframes.

Clears the console output area.
Just like a normal command line, the console command line remembers the commands you've typed. Use this function to clear the console's command history.
Copies the argument to the clipboard. If the argument is a string, it's copied as-is. If the argument is a DOM node, its outerHTML is copied. Otherwise, JSON.stringify will be called on the argument, and the result will be copied to the clipboard.
help()Deprecated since Gecko 62
Displays help text. Actually, in a delightful example of recursion, it brings you to this page.
Given an object, generates rich output for that object. Once you select the object in the output area, you can use the arrow keys to navigate the object.
Given an object, returns a list of the keys (or property names) on that object. This is a shortcut for Object.keys.
pprint() Obsolete since Gecko 74
Formats the specified value in a readable way; this is useful for dumping the contents of objects and arrays.
Creates a screenshot of the current page with the supplied filename. If you don't supply a filename, the image file will be named with the following format:

Screen Shot yyy-mm-dd at hh.mm.ss.png

The command has the following optional parameters:
Command Type Description
--clipboard boolean When present, this parameter will cause the screenshot to be copied to the clipboard.
--delay number The number of seconds to delay before taking the screenshot.
--dpr number The device pixel ratio to use when taking the screenshot.
--file boolean When present, the screenshot will be saved to a file, even if other options (e.g. --clipboard) are included.
--filename string The name to use in saving the file. The file should have a ".png" extension.
--fullpage boolean If included, the full webpage will be saved. With this parameter, even the parts of the webpage which are outside the current bounds of the window will be included in the screenshot. When used, "-fullpage" will be appended to the file name.
--selector string The CSS query selector for a single element on the page. When supplied, only this element will be included in the screenshot.
(Starting in Firefox 80) Followed by an unquoted string, removes blocking for URLs containing that string. In the Network Monitor, the string is removed from the Request Blocking sidebar. No error is given if the string was not previously blocked.
Given an object, returns a list of the values on that object; serves as a companion to keys().

Please refer to the Console API for more information about logging from content.


The "Use in Console" option in the Inspector generates a variable for a node named temp0, temp1, temp2, etc. referencing the node.


Looking at the contents of a DOM node

Let's say you have a DOM node with the ID "title". In fact, this page you're reading right now has one, so you can open up the Web Console and try this right now.

Let's take a look at the contents of that node by using the $() and inspect() functions:


This automatically generates rich output for the object, showing you the contents of the DOM node that matches the CSS selector "#title", which is of course the element with ID "title". You can use the up- and down-arrow keys to navigate through the output, the right-arrow key to expand an item, and the left-arrow key to collapse it.