The WEBGL_compressed_texture_etc extension is part of the WebGL API and exposes 10 ETC/EAC compressed texture formats.

Compressed textures reduce the amount of memory needed to store a texture on the GPU, allowing for higher resolution textures or more of the same resolution textures.

WebGL extensions are available using the WebGLRenderingContext.getExtension() method. For more information, see also Using Extensions in the WebGL tutorial.

Availability: This extension is available to both, WebGL1 and WebGL2 contexts.


The compressed texture formats are exposed by 10 constants and can be used in two functions: compressedTexImage2D() and compressedTexSubImage2D().

One-channel (red) unsigned format compression.
One-channel (red) signed format compression.
Two-channel (red and green) unsigned format compression.
Two-channel (red and green) signed format compression.
Compresses RGB8 data with no alpha channel.
Compresses RGBA8 data. The RGB part is encoded the same as RGB_ETC2, but the alpha part is encoded separately.
Compresses sRGB8 data with no alpha channel.
Compresses sRGBA8 data. The sRGB part is encoded the same as SRGB_ETC2, but the alpha part is encoded separately.
Similar to RGB8_ETC, but with ability to punch through the alpha channel, which means to make it completely opaque or transparent.
Similar to SRGB8_ETC, but with ability to punch through the alpha channel, which means to make it completely opaque or transparent.


var ext = gl.getExtension('WEBGL_compressed_texture_etc');

var texture = gl.createTexture();
gl.bindTexture(gl.TEXTURE_2D, texture);

gl.compressedTexImage2D(gl.TEXTURE_2D, 0, ext.COMPRESSED_RGBA8_ETC2_EAC, 512, 512, 0, textureData);


Specification Status Comment
The definition of 'WEBGL_compressed_texture_etc' in that specification.
Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
WEBGL_compressed_texture_etcChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 79Firefox Full support 51IE ? Opera Full support YesSafari ? WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android ? Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes


Full support
Full support
Compatibility unknown
Compatibility unknown

Compatibility notes

  • This extension was named WEBGL_compressed_texture_es3 from Firefox 46 to Firefox 51 and used to be available on the WebGL 2 context by default – this is not the case anymore. You have to enable it on both, WebGL 1 and WebGL 2 contexts, in order to use it.

See also