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The read-only XRInputSource property handedness indicates which of the user's hands the WebXR input source is associated with, or if it's not associated with a hand at all.


let hand = xrInputSource.handedness;


A DOMString indicating whether the input controller is held in one of the user's hands, and if it is, which hand. The value, which comes from the XRHandedness enumerated type, is one of the following:

The input controller is not associated with one of the user's hands.
The input controller is being held in, worn on, or is attached to the user's left hand.
The input controller is being held in, worn on, or is attached to the user's right hand.

Usage notes

If the input source is not a device associated with a user's hand (whether by being held, attached, or worn), the value of handedness is none. This may indicate, for example, an input source which isn't hand-held, such as controls built into a headset or an input device attached to the head or body.


One important usage scentario for handedness is to determine which hand a controller is in so you can draw a representation of that hand (or the device that hand is controlling) in virtual space.

function updateInputSources(session, frame, refSpace) {
  for (let source of session.inputSources) {
    if (source.gripSpace) {
      let gripPose = frame.getPose(source.gripSpace, refSpace);

      if (gripPose) {
        myRenderHandObject(gripPose, inputSource.handedness);

This function, which would be called every animation frame (or possibly just periodically, depending on the degree of smoothness required and any performance constraints), scans the list of input sources looking for any which have a gripSpace which isn't null. If a gripSpace is present, that means the input source is a hand-held device of some sort, so it should be rendered visibly if possible.

If gripSpace is non-null, the function proceeds to get the pose for the gripSpace transformed into the current reference space. Assuming that's then valid, a function called myRenderHandObject() is called with the grip's pose and the value of handedness. WIth these values in hand (no pun intended), myRenderHandObject() can draw the appropriate model positioned and formed for the correct hand.


Specification Status Comment
WebXR Device API
The definition of 'XRInputSource.handedness' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
handednessChrome Full support 79Edge Full support 79Firefox No support NoIE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android Full support 79Firefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 11.2


Full support
Full support
No support
No support

See also