The History.state property returns a value representing the state at the top of the history stack. This is a way to look at the state without having to wait for a popstate event.


const currentState = history.state


The state at the top of the history stack. The value is null until the pushState() or replaceState() method is used.


The code below logs the value of history.state before using the pushState() method to push a value to the history. The next line logs the value to the console again, showing that history.state now has a value.

// Should be null because we haven't modified the history stack yet
console.log(`History.state before pushState: ${history.state}`);

// Now push something on the stack
history.pushState({name: 'Example'}, "pushState example", 'page3.html');

// Now state has a value.
console.log(`History.state after pushState: ${history.state}`);


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'History.state' in that specification.
Living Standard
The definition of 'History.state' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
stateChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support 10Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes


Full support
Full support

See also