<figure>: The Figure with Optional Caption element

The HTML <figure> (Figure With Optional Caption) element represents self-contained content, potentially with an optional caption, which is specified using the (<figcaption>) element. The figure, its caption, and its contents are referenced as a single unit.

Content categories Flow content, sectioning root, palpable content.
Permitted content A <figcaption> element, followed by flow content; or flow content followed by a <figcaption> element; or flow content.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts Flow content.
Implicit ARIA role figure
Permitted ARIA roles With no figcaption descendant: any, otherwise no permitted roles
DOM interface HTMLElement


This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

  • Usually a <figure> is an image, illustration, diagram, code snippet, etc., that is referenced in the main flow of a document, but that can be moved to another part of the document or to an appendix without affecting the main flow.
  • Being a sectioning root, the outline of the content of the <figure> element is excluded from the main outline of the document.
  • A caption can be associated with the <figure> element by inserting a <figcaption> inside it (as the first or the last child). The first <figcaption> element found in the figure is presented as the figure's caption.



<!-- Just an image -->
  alt="The beautiful MDN logo.">

<!-- Image with a caption -->
  alt="The beautiful MDN logo.">
  <figcaption>MDN Logo</figcaption>

Code snippets

  <figcaption>Get browser details using <code>navigator</code>.</figcaption>
function NavigatorExample() {
  var txt;
  txt = "Browser CodeName: " + navigator.appCodeName + "; ";
  txt+= "Browser Name: " + navigator.appName + "; ";
  txt+= "Browser Version: " + navigator.appVersion  + "; ";
  txt+= "Cookies Enabled: " + navigator.cookieEnabled  + "; ";
  txt+= "Platform: " + navigator.platform  + "; ";
  txt+= "User-agent header: " + navigator.userAgent  + "; ";
  console.log("NavigatorExample", txt);


  <figcaption><cite>Edsger Dijkstra:</cite></figcaption>
  <blockquote>If debugging is the process of removing software bugs,
  then programming must be the process of putting them in.</blockquote>


  <p style="white-space:pre">
Bid me discourse, I will enchant thine ear,
  Or like a fairy trip upon the green,
Or, like a nymph, with long dishevell'd hair,
  Dance on the sands, and yet no footing seen:
Love is a spirit all compact of fire,
  Not gross to sink, but light, and will aspire.</p>
  <figcaption><cite>Venus and Adonis</cite>,
    by William Shakespeare</figcaption>


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<figure>' in that specification.
Living Standard
HTML 5.2
The definition of '<figure>' in that specification.
Recommendation No changes from HTML 5.0.
The definition of '<figure>' in that specification.

Browser compatibility

ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
figureChrome Full support 8Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 4IE Full support 9Opera Full support 11Safari Full support 5.1WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 11Safari iOS Full support 5.1Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes


Full support
Full support

See also