The data-* global attributes form a class of attributes called custom data attributes, that allow proprietary information to be exchanged between the HTML and its DOM representation by scripts.

All such custom data are available via the HTMLElement interface of the element the attribute is set on. The HTMLElement.dataset property gives access to them.
The * may be replaced by any name following the production rule of XML names with the following restrictions:

  • the name must not start with xml, whatever case is used for these letters;
  • the name must not contain any semicolon (U+003A);
  • the name must not contain capital letters.

Note that the HTMLElement.dataset property is a DOMStringMap, and the name of the custom data attribute data-test-value will be accessible via HTMLElement.dataset.testValue (or by HTMLElement.dataset["testValue"]) as any dash (U+002D) is replaced by the capitalization of the next letter, converting the name to camelcase.


By adding data-* attributes, even ordinary HTML elements can become rather complex and powerful program-objects. For example, a space-ship "sprite" in a game could be a simple <img> element with a class attribute and several data-* attributes:

<img class="spaceship cruiserX3" src="shipX3.png"
  data-ship-id="324" data-weapons="laserI laserII" data-shields="72%"
  data-x="414354" data-y="85160" data-z="31940"

For a more in-depth tutorial about using HTML data attributes, see Using data attributes.


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of 'data-*' in that specification.
Living Standard No change from latest snapshot, HTML 5.1
HTML 5.1
The definition of 'data-*' in that specification.
Recommendation Snapshot of HTML Living Standard, no change from HTML5
The definition of 'data-*' in that specification.
Recommendation Snapshot of HTML Living Standard, initial definition.

Browser compatibility

ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
data-* attributesChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support YesIE Full support YesOpera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesFirefox Android Full support YesOpera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes


Full support
Full support

See also